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Trigger Point Injections

TRIGGER POINT injections are used to treat muscle-based pain. Trigger points are extremely painful tight bands or firm nodules within the muscle. The knots can be palpated under the skin, and applied pressure may cause the pain to radiate. Because trigger points form when a muscle fails to relax, surrounding nerves can be irritated and the pain is felt in another part of the body, also known as Referred Pain.

Trigger Point Injections may be used to treat muscle pain arising in the neck, arms, upper and lower back, and the legs. These injections may also help reduce pain associated with Fibromyalgia, Myofacial Pain Syndrome, and Tension Headaches. If the injections are repeated several times, and combined with stretching exercises, patients may experience a significant reduction of pain.

Trigger Point Injections are generally performed in the office. The painful area is identified and marked and cleaned. The trigger points are injected with a combination of numbing medicine (local anesthetic) and cortisone. The goal is to relax the muscle. With in a few days, the patient should experience some relief. These may be repeated two or three weeks later. The number of injections is based on the patient’s response.

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